Russia

Russia Country Details

Russia Country Details Russia & Ukraine

Russia


Russia is considered to be one of the leading countries in terms of providing high quality of education in strong academic traditions; no doubt there are thousands of foreigners striving for getting admission to Russian universities that offer numerous educational programs in multiple disciplines of technical and humanitarian spheres.

On the world stage, Russia has remarkable distinction in The Higher EducationSystem. More than two million students have enrolled their names in these Institutions or Universities. These are more than 17,250 doctors of science and about 8,75,000 candidates of science in various institutions. They take lecture as well as active in developing new scientific trends & advanced technology.

The students/ teacher ratio is approximately 7:1.Since the mid 90s Russian universities start offering MD (The degree awarded would be the M.D (Physician), which is the basic degree equivalent to the M.B.B.S) courses using English as the language of instruction. It is sophisticated in the world as every institution is well equipped and teaching methods are regulated and stream lined providing for an extensive development of students in chosen specialties.

Study of Russian does not cause much difficulty and is generally provided at a very high level. The main preparation of the foreign students is the fast and effective mastering of Russian. The better the language is learned, the more effectively adaptation will occur; the faster foreign students cease to hesitate to address the requests and questions in Russian.

Geography



The Russian Federation is the largest of the 21 republics that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States. It occupies most of eastern Europe and north Asia, stretching from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea and the Caucasus in the south. It is bordered by Norway and Finland in the northwest; Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, and Lithuania in the west; Georgia and Azerbaijan in the southwest; and Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and North Korea along the southern border.

Government

Constitutional federation.

History

Tradition says the Viking Rurik came to Russia in 862 and founded the first Russian dynasty in Novgorod. The various tribes were united by the spread of Christianity in the 10th and 11th centuries; Vladimir “the Saint” was converted in 988. During the 11th century, the grand dukes of Kiev held such centralizing power as existed. In 1240, Kiev was destroyed by the Mongols, and the Russian territory was split into numerous smaller dukedoms. Early dukes of Moscow extended their dominion over other Russian cities through their office of tribute collector for the Mongols and because of Moscow's role as an administrative and trade center.

In the late 15th century, Duke Ivan III acquired Novgorod and Tver and threw off the Mongol yoke. Ivan IV—the Terrible (1533–1584), first Muscovite czar—is considered to have founded the Russian state. He crushed the power of rival princes and boyars (great landowners), but Russia remained largely medieval until the reign of Peter the Great (1689–1725), grandson of the first Romanov czar, Michael (1613–1645). Peter made extensive reforms aimed at westernization and, through his defeat of Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava in 1709, he extended Russia's boundaries to the west. Catherine the Great (1762–1796) continued Peter's westernization program and also expanded Russian territory, acquiring the Crimea, Ukraine, and part of Poland. During the reign of Alexander I (1801–1825), Napoléon's attempt to subdue Russia was defeated (1812–1813), and new territory was gained, including Finland (1809) and Bessarabia (1812). Alexander originated the Holy Alliance, which for a time crushed Europe's rising liberal movement.

Alexander II (1855–1881) pushed Russia's borders to the Pacific and into central Asia. Serfdom was abolished in 1861, but heavy restrictions were imposed on the emancipated class. Revolutionary strikes, following Russia's defeat in the war with Japan, forced Nicholas II (1894–1917) to grant a representative national body (Duma), elected by narrowly limited suffrage. It met for the first time in 1906 but had little influence on Nicholas.

 

 

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